Every year, during the summer monsoon, the brown waters of the Gumani River swell, crawling over surrounding fields and submerging Charbhangura, a village of 2500 people in the Papua region of Northwest Bangladesh.
From July to October, the water level can rise by at least 10 feet.
Tree trunks 30 feet above the riverbed during dry season show waist-high watermarks.
When the fields flooded, the peasants in the village had no jobs.
"Water is everywhere," said Hafiza Khatun, 25, who has two children and whose family income disappeared for six months of the year, while her farm worker husband did nothing.
But three years ago, she said.
Khatun received training from Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha, a non-profit organization in Bangladesh, to take care of an unusual food and income source: a floating farm with duck cages, a fish pen and a vegetable garden tied to the river bank with ropes.
Five to ten women can share the structure, with about 130,000 Taka (about $1,700) a year.
Shidhulai supplies seeds, fish and duck feed and about 10,000 Taka of other raw materials.
The money has been spent for a long time in rural Bangladesh, especially for villagers struggling to survive. Ms.
Carton was uneducated and gave birth to the first of two children at the age of 15. He had never had a penny before.
Climate change is likely to reduce the severity and duration of floods. -
Agricultural products that can grow under flood conditions-
It's a way to help Bangladesh live in rising waters.
"There is a huge demand for solutions to climate change-
Affected areas, "said Mohammed Rezwan, founder and executive director of Shidhulai.
Because of the extra income from selling eggs, fish and vegetables, she said.
For the first time, Carton started saving money in the bank and bought a bed to keep her and her family away from the dust. -
Put the house on the floor to help her husband support his family.
The duck quackled.
Carton collects eggs in a chicken cage and takes some of them out to the "duck road" between the fish pens.
She had never raised ducks or fish before training.
But "nothing is very difficult," Carton said.
In northern Bangladesh, rivers are flooded and farmland is often flooded by the annual melting of snow and ice in the Himalayas and monsoon rains.
In one of the most populous countries in the world, 156 million people live in areas the size of Iowa, and thousands of people are unable to make a living.
Many people migrate to already overcrowded cities, causing them to wither. Mr.
Rezwan founded Shidhulai at the age of 22-year-
The old building graduated in 1998.
That year, disastrous floods in Bangladesh killed 700 people and left 21 million homeless. Initially, Mr.
Rezwan focuses on building schools on ships and works to ensure that thousands of children do not fall behind when roads are blocked by floods.
So far, the fleet of non-profit organizations has provided continuous education and other services to more than 70,000 children in villages isolated by seasonal floods. It currently has 22 schools, 5 health clinics and 10 libraries.
Four years ago, it began building floating farms for villagers, especially the landless poor, to help them survive the floods.
So far, about 300 women have worked on 40 floating farms.
Rezwan ambitiously plans to create 400 in the next few years to serve 3,000 women and their families.
He also believes that the concept of floating farms can help other developing countries along the river, just like floating schools.
"They have the potential to replicate around the world," he said.
Shidhulai's school boats have also been replicated in the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam, Nigeria and Zambia.
A floating farm is 56 feet long and 16 feet wide.
The chicken house can accommodate 100 ducks and is equipped with a small solar panel to power the lights inside.
It floats on air tanks, plastic containers and bamboo platforms.
The cage is connected to a bamboo pole, which forms two rows of fish fences. Tilapia are raised in blue plastic nets.
Bamboo railings support the garden.
They hold old plastic cans cut in half. Villagers grow cucumbers, beans and gourds in soil and natural fertilizer. Mr.
Rezwan got his first idea of a farm from floating gardens used in southern Bangladesh for hundreds of years.
Hyacinth in Garden-
In bamboo structure, vegetable is grown on artificial islands covered with soil.
However, in order to adapt to local conditions, the design must be modified.
The Southern model does not work in the north, where heavy rains soak vegetable fields, making it difficult to build drainage systems.
There are not many water hyacinths in the north.
Formerly built on bamboo platforms, duck cages are now situated on more roofs. -
Buoyancy plastic oil drum-
Recycled and discovered materials are used enthusiastically with locally grown bamboo.
Villagers can now spend $260 to build the whole building, which is under the responsibility of Mr. Shidhulai. Rezwan said.