Editor's note: Future Cities provide an internal perspective of the rapid development of urban space, exploring new ideas, new technologies and new design concepts that may affect urban life in the world. (CNN)--
The future of urban roads may be the future of joint action by drivers, pedestrians and cyclists.
The space where these normally isolated populations live--or move --
The same rules.
Most importantly, these rules will be social, not formal, in order to adapt to the increasingly popular "shared space" trend.
Ben Hamilton said: "shared space breaks the principle of isolation
Baillie is a street designer who, along with the late Dutch traffic engineer Hans mondeman, created the term and brought the spaces to the United StatesK.
More than any other country.
"It defines a public space in which people's actions must comply with social and informal rules, not traffic rules.
Mondman pioneered the idea in the Netherlands, claiming that people would be more careful if traffic rules were canceled.
Road signs, traffic signals, roundabout, crossing points and curb stones are replaced by flat and smooth roads that are not marked, and cars and people often interact on roads.
They may be confused, but that's the point.
"Introducing ambiguity is the core of shared space," Hamilton explained . "Baillie.
"It's good if people feel unsafe because they will be careful when interacting with traffic ". Hamilton-
Bailey believes that, as people do in their daily lives, drivers are more aware of the surrounding environment and respond to human interactions.
"It makes the city center civilized and human," he said . "
Take the Exhibition Road in South Kensington Museum District, London, USA as an exampleK. .
As a cultural mecca, the road attracts more than 11 million visitors a year, with the country's three largest cultural venues and educational institutions such as Imperial College London.
Once involved, walk along it-
After hundreds of school children and families, countless students and tourists lined up at the entrance, or rubbed their way and confused on a narrow sidewalk, none of which could accommodate all.
This road became a shared space in December 2011 and now you can find everything here.
Instead, it has benches and bus stops in the middle of the street, and hundreds of visitors can pass through more space every day.
"We turned this unpopular road into a world-class street view ---
Kensington and Chelsea's Royal borough are proud to say on their website: "This is an amazing public space that everyone can enjoy . ".
The decision of the local authorities to make a broad transitionused space.
Hamilton explained: "The quality of the space is the central focusBaillie.
But the Exhibition Road in London is not your usual Street.
Most urban landscapes do not attract millions of people.
The shared streets are mainly for more traditional, even ordinary places where people interact every day, such as the local town center.
Drachten town in the Netherlands, one of the first towns to try the concept in 2002, removed almost all traffic signals with the aim of reducing accidents and improving the quality and visibility of the towns.
Despite the increase in traffic, the number of accidents has dropped from eight.
Three times a year from 1994 to 2002, and only once a year on average by 2005.
Soon, the town of Makkinga in the Netherlands and the town of Bohmte in Germany introduced space, removed all the traffic lights and signals, and then on 2011, there were six streets in Auckland, New Zealand.
80% of space users in the Oakland Fort Street area reported feeling safer and 72% of drivers thought their journey was either the same or shorter, so users seemed happy.
"The real aspect of shared space is the economy," Hamilton explained . "Baillie.
"Towns and city centers are changing and becoming redundant and you don't need them anymore, so we need people to go because they want to go and feel welcome.
"This is the town of Poynton in Cheshire, northern England.
With the increase in traffic and congestion, the closure of retail stores and the reduction of shoppers, the quality of the town's downtown area has declined.
It becomes a shared space that makes the town more popular, with 80% of the retailer's traffic increasing and the "stay time" when people shop.
Their consumption capacity has reached its target.
Traffic speed also dropped to an average of 16-
According to Hamilton, 17 miles per hour
Bailey, the road to freedom
The number of traffic, accidents and deaths decreased from 1 person.
Since its launch, it has dropped to zero once a year.
Hamilton said: "Poynton is not unique. It is a possible example, like many other parts of the UK. Baillie.
The concept is being adopted in the Western world as the American Conference on new urbanization takes place. S.
His goal is to reverse the decline in urban quality and economy, which recently includes shared spaces at the center of future design debate.
Many states, including Florida, Massachusetts and Oregon, are considering or already have plans. Hamilton-
However, Bailey believes that this is not a new concept, but also the default arrangement since the beginning of the street.
"If you go to the center of Delhi or Dakar, you will see a lot of shared spaces that are not subject to regulatory frameworks.
But are these default arrangements really suitable for all towns and populations?
Professor Rob Imri from Goldsmith University in the United StatesK.
"The principle is wrong for me," he said . "
"People and cars are not mixed. Cars are an object. I don't want a car to drive 2 feet kilometers from me.
"Imrie believes that an aesthetic environment can still exist for pedestrians and that shared spaces are more suitable for environments with less traffic.
"In the Netherlands, they have succeeded because they are in areas with less traffic," Imrie said . ".
But his main focus is on people with impaired vision.
"People with impaired vision have most of the problems because there is no easy way to navigate," Imrie said . ".
These spaces require new environmental learning for visually impaired people, which Imrie sees as a psychological problem.
"People work on intuition and belief systems, and people with impaired vision will not go there again if they are uncomfortable.
But he doesn't want the concept to be removed, just rethink: "We should keep some order and create this calming effect for users at the same time.
"Using tactile surfaces on edges and slightly elevated curb stones is a way to overcome this problem while maintaining the ideal environment.
Local authorities at the Exhibition Road also launched a tactile map at the beginning of the street to help the blind plan and navigate. Hamilton-
Bailey believes that people with impaired vision can be as safe as they are in any usual environment.
"Shared space covers the way we behave in real life," he concluded . ".
"It's hard to regulate your behavior for people with partial vision, even children, but our social response is very strong and people are happy to accept it.
"The concept is growing and we may see more streets bringing us together with our pilots.
As with any innovation, the key is to adapt to the environment.
"Shared spaces can work on any city scale, and the key is to gain confidence through experience.