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energy from stars - solar energy traffic lights

by:Litel Technology     2019-08-15
energy from stars  -  solar energy traffic lights
Energy development is an effort to provide adequate primary and secondary energy forms for supply, cost, impact on air pollution and water pollution, mitigation of climate change with renewable energy sources.
Technology-advanced societies are increasingly dependent on external energy sources for transportation, the production of many manufactured goods and the provision of energy services.
Energy development is an effort to provide adequate primary and secondary energy forms for supply, cost, impact on air pollution and water pollution, mitigation of climate change with renewable energy sources.
Technology-advanced societies are increasingly dependent on external energy sources for transportation, the production of many manufactured goods and the provision of energy services.
This energy allows those who can afford to live in other adverse climatic conditions by using heating, ventilation and/or air conditioning.
Different societies use different levels of external energy, as well as climate, convenience, traffic congestion, pollution and domestic energy supply.
In addition to nuclear energy, geothermal energy and tides, all land energy comes from the current solar sun, or fossil remains of plants and animals that depend directly and indirectly on the sun, respectively.
In the end, solar energy itself is the result of solar fusion.
Geothermal energy comes from hard hot rock above the core magma and is the result of radioactive material decay under the crust. Nuclear fission depends on human-
Formed by fission of heavy radioactive elements in the crust;
In both cases, these elements were created in the supernova explosion before the formation of the solar system.
Renewable energy refers to renewable energy from natural resources such as sunshine, wind, rain, tide and geothermal (
Natural supplement).
In 2008, about 19% of the world's final energy consumption came from renewable energy and 13% from traditional biomass energy mainly used for heating. 3.
2% from hydropower. New renewable (
Small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal and biofuels)
Accounted for 2 more.
7% and growing very fast.
The share of renewable energy in power generation is about 18%, 15% of the world's electricity comes from hydropower and 3% from new renewable energy sources.
Wind power is growing at a rate of 30% per year, with a global installed capacity of 158 (GW)
In 2009, it was widely used in Europe, Asia and the United States.
Global PV accumulation at the end of 2009 (PV)
With more than 21 GW installed in Germany and Spain, photovoltaic power stations are popular.
Solar thermal power stations operate in the United States and Spain, with the largest being 354 MW (MW)
SEGS power plant in the mohaave desert.
The largest geothermal power generation facility in the world is the California geyser with a capacity rating of 750 MW.
Brazil has one of the world's largest renewable energy projects, including the production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, which now provides 18% of the country's auto fuel.
Ethanol fuel is also common in the United States, which is the world's absolute largest fuel producer, but does not account for a high proportion of total vehicle fuel usage.
Despite the large scale of many renewable energy projects,
In rural and remote areas, energy is often critical to human development.
It is estimated that 3 million households worldwide receive electricity from small solar photovoltaic systems. Micro-
Water and electricity systems configured into villagesScale or Countyscale mini-
Grid serves many areas.
More than 30 million rural households receive lighting and cooking from household biogasBiogas digesters of scale.
Biomass stoves are used by 0. 16 billion households.
Concerns about climate change, coupled with higher oil prices, peak oil and increased government support, have driven an increase in renewable energy legislation, incentives and commercialism.
New government spending, regulation and policies have helped the industry through 2009 of the economic crisis better than many other industries.
The first energy of the first energy life a fuzzy compound known as jiaoxian may be the energy formed by the first life on Earth)(
New theory of life-First Energy, Corey za).
Researchers at the University of Leeds have discovered new clues to the origin of life on Earth.
The research team found that a compound known as Jiao Yashi may be an important energy source for the original life form.
There are several conflicting theories about how life on Earth came from billions of years of inanimate matter-a process called biological occurrence.
"This is a chicken and egg problem," said Dr. Terry Ki of Leeds University . " He led the study.
"Scientists disagree about what comes first-copy or metabolism.
But there is a third part of the equation, which is energy.
"All living things need a continuous supply of energy to work.
This energy is carried around our bodies by certain molecules, the most famous of which is ATP *, which converts the heat of the sun into usable forms of animals and plants.
At any time, the human body contains only 250 grams of ATP-which provides roughly the same energy as a single AA battery.
This ATP storage is continuously used and regenerated in cells through a process called respiration, which is driven by natural catalysts called enzymes.
"You need enzymes to make ATP, and you need ATP to make enzymes," Dr. Kee explained . ".
"The question is: where did the energy come from before these two things existed?
We believe that the answer may lie in simple molecules, such as Jiao yaite, which is very similar in chemistry to ATP, but has the potential to transfer energy without enzymes.
"Key to the battery-
ATP is the same as the nature of the Coke stone, which is an element called Phosphorus and is essential for all living organisms.
Phosphorus is not only the active component of ATP, but also the backbone of DNA, which plays an important role in the cell wall structure.
But while phosphorus is important to life, one does not fully understand how phosphorus first appears in our atmosphere.
There is a theory that it contains many meteorites that collided with the Earth billions of years ago.
"Phosphorus is present in several meteor minerals, which may be in reaction to the formation of pyrophosphate under the acidic volcanic conditions of the early Earth," Dr. Kee added . ".
The discovery, published in the journal Chemical Communications, was the first to show that at the beginning of life on the local ball, Jiao Yashi may have something to do with the transition from basic chemistry to complex biology.
Since completing this study, Dr. Kee and his team have found more evidence for the importance of this molecule, and now want to work with NASA's collaborators to study its role in biological occurrence
Both animal and human cells contain this small structure called Mitochondrial.
Human mitochondrial genetics is the genetics of the DNA contained in human mitochondrial.
The mitochondrial is a small structure in the cell that produces energy for the use of the cell, so it is called the "energy House" of the cell ".
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)
Not transmitted through nuclear DNA (nDNA).
In humans, as in most multicell organisms, mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother's egg.
Therefore, mitochondrial inheritance is right
The Mendel genetic hypothesis is that half of the fertilized eggs have genetic material (zygote)
Derived from each parent.
80% of the mitochondrial DNA of the functional mitochondrial protein is encoded, so most of the mitochondrial DNA mutations cause functional problems, which may be manifested as muscle disease (myopathies).
Understanding the genetic mutations that affect the mitochondrial can help us understand the internal workings of cells and raw objects, and also help to propose methods for successful therapeutic tissue and organ cloning to treat or possibly cure many devastating muscle diseases.
Because they provide 36 ATP molecules for each glucose molecule, and the two ATP molecules produced by glycolysis are opposite, the mitochondrial is crucial for all higher organisms to maintain life.
Mitochondrial disease is a genetic disease carried specifically in mitochondrial DNA;
Any of the numerous enzymes used by the mitochondrial has a slight problem, which may destroy the cells and, in turn, destroy the organism.
Jiao Yashi and human mitochondrial are the main motors of the human energy process.
In order to extend our lives, we should understand these processes better.
On the day our ancestors discovered the fire, humans began using biomass as energy and used it for cooking.
Actually, biomass is just another word for biology. mass.
In addition to fossil fuels, biomass is anything that has grown or lived (
Coal, oil, natural gas, etc).
Fossil fuels, of course, were caused by biological decay thousands of years ago.
In this sense, history and biomass, but none of these are included in the term "biological assessment" used by renewable energy experts (
Petrescu 2010,201 1a, 201B, 2012).
There are many forms of biomass;
Some of the most famous are: wood, straw, biological waste, wood chips, waste paper, organic mud in food processing, animal husbandry, sewage treatment, etc.
Therefore, biomass can also be grown as a fuel crop.
If you want to grow biomass, you need to choose a high calorific value (
Release a lot of heat when burning)
The growth speed is fast, no fertilization or watering is required, low power is required during the growth process, and the harvest cost is low.
However, large-scale planting of biomass as biofuels will reduce the availability of land for food crops.
Energy development is an effort to provide adequate primary and secondary energy forms for supply, cost, impact on air pollution and water pollution, mitigation of climate change with renewable energy sources.
Technology-advanced societies are increasingly dependent on external energy sources for transportation, the production of many manufactured goods and the provision of energy services.
This energy allows those who can afford to live in other adverse climatic conditions by using heating, ventilation and/or air conditioning.
In addition to nuclear energy, geothermal energy and tides, all land energy comes from the current solar sun, or fossil remains of plants and animals that depend directly and indirectly on the sun, respectively.
In the end, solar energy itself is the result of solar fusion.
Geothermal energy comes from hard hot rock above the core magma and is the result of radioactive material decay under the crust. Nuclear fission depends on human-
Formed by fission of heavy radioactive elements in the crust;
In both cases, these elements were created in the supernova explosion before the formation of the solar system.
Wind power is growing at a rate of 30% per year, with a global installed capacity of 158 (GW)
In 2009, it was widely used in Europe, Asia and the United States.
Global PV accumulation at the end of 2009 (PV)
With more than 21 GW installed in Germany and Spain, photovoltaic power stations are popular.
Solar thermal power stations operate in the United States and Spain, with the largest being 354 MW (MW)
SEGS power plant in the mohaave desert.
The largest geothermal power generation facility in the world is the California geyser with a capacity rating of 750 MW.
Brazil has one of the world's largest renewable energy projects, including the production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, which now provides 18% of the country's auto fuel.
Ethanol fuel is also common in the United States, which is the world's absolute largest fuel producer, but does not account for a high proportion of total vehicle fuel usage.
Despite the large scale of many renewable energy projects,
In rural and remote areas, energy is often critical to human development.
It is estimated that 3 million households worldwide receive electricity from small solar photovoltaic systems. Micro-
Water and electricity systems configured into villagesScale or Countyscale mini-
Grid serves many areas.
More than 30 million rural households receive lighting and cooking from household biogasBiogas digesters of scale.
Biomass stoves are used by 0. 16 billion households.
Mainstream forms of renewable energy. Wind power o 2. Hydropower o 3.
Solar energy o 4. Biomass o 5. Biofuel o 6.
Geothermal energy o 7. Tidal o 8.
Hydrogen o 9 obtained by artificial photosynthesis. Waves Power 3.
1 The wind flow can be used to run the wind turbine.
The rated power of modern wind turbines is about 600 KW to 5 mw, but the rated output power is 1.
5-3 MW has become the most common commercial use;
The power output of the turbine is a function of the wind speed cube, so the power output increases dramatically as the wind speed increases.
The typical capacity factor is 20-
40%. At a particularly favorable location, there is a value at the upper end of the range (
European Wind Energy Association).
Wind energy is the cleanest, most adequate, safest, cheapest, and most sustainable source of energy.
If there is not enough land space, wind power plants can be built in the water.
We must work hard. 3.
2 hydropower is one of the renewable energy sources. Hydropower plants have the advantages of long-term use. lived (
Many existing factories have been in operation for more than 100 years).
In addition, the water and electricity plants are clean and rarely discharged. 3. 3.
Solar panels generate electricity by converting photons (
Package of light energy)
Into current.
Solar energy is the energy obtained from the sun in the form of solar radiation.
Solar power is powered by photovoltaic and thermal engines.
Part of the list of other solar applications includes space heating and cooling through solar building, day lighting, solar hot water, solar cooking and high temperature process heat for industrial use.
According to the way solar energy is captured, converted and distributed, solar energy technology is widely described as passive or active solar energy.
Active solar technologies include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to take advantage of energy sources.
Passive solar technology includes moving the building towards the sun, choosing materials with good thermal mass or light dispersion properties, and space to design natural circulating air. 3.
4 biomass (plant material)
Because the energy it contains comes from the sun, it is a renewable energy source.
Plants capture the energy of the sun through photosynthesis.
When plants are burned, they release the solar energy they contain.
In this way, biomass can be used as a natural battery for storing solar energy.
As long as biomass is produced sustainably, as long as the number of uses is as large as the number of growth, the battery will continue indefinitely.
In general, there are two main methods of using plants for energy production: planting plants specifically for energy use, and using plant residues for other things.
According to the climate, soil and geography, the best methods are different in different regions.
Biofuels liquid biofuels are usually petroleum such as bio-alcohol or biodiesel.
Bioethanol is alcohol made by fermentation of sugar components in plant substances, mainly made from sugar and starch crops.
With the development of advanced technology, cellulose biomass such as trees and grass are also used as feed raw materials for ethanol production.
Ethanol can be used as a pure form of automotive fuel, but is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase the Cetane value of gasoline and improve the emissions of vehicles.
Bioethanol is widely used in the United States and Brazil (
United Nations Environment Programme. 2009). 3.
Geothermal energy the Earth's core geothermal energy is closer to the surface in some areas than in others.
If underground hot steam or water can be excavated and brought to the surface, it can be used to generate electricity.
This geothermal energy is present in Geological unstable areas such as Chile, Iceland, New Zealand, the United States, the Philippines and Italy.
The two most prominent areas in the United States are the Yellowstone basin and Northern California.
Geothermal energy is the energy obtained using the heat of the Earth itself, whether it is from the depths of the Earth's crust in some places on Earth, or from some meters of geothermal heat pumps in all parts of the Earth.
It is expensive to build a power station, but the operating costs are low, so the energy cost for the right location is low.
In the end, this energy comes from the heat at the core of the Earth.
There are three types of power plants that generate electricity using geothermal energy: dry steam, flash and binary.
The dry steam plant draws steam from cracks in the ground and directly drives the turbine of the rotating generator.
Flash plants usually remove hot water from the ground at temperatures above 200 °c and allow it to boil as it rises to the surface, then separate the steam phase in the steam/water separator, then pass the steam through the turbine.
In a binary device, hot water flows through a heat exchanger, boiling the organic fluid that rotates the turbine.
Condensed steam and residual geothermal fluid from all three plants are injected into hot rocks for more heat.
Iceland produced 170 MW of geothermal energy through geothermal energy in 2000 and heated 86% of all houses.
A total of about 8000 MW of capacity has been run.
There is also potential to generate geothermal energy from hot and dry rocks.
Drill holes at least 3 km deep on Earth.
Some of these holes will pump into the earth while others will pump out the heat.
Heat resources consist of hot underground radioactive granite rocks that heat up when there is enough sediment between The Rock and the Earth's surface.
Several companies in Australia are exploring the technology. 3.
7-tide energy can be extracted from the moon. gravity-
By positioning the pump in the tide, or by building the recognition-or-
Release water through a turbine.
The turbine can turn the generator or gas compressor and then store the energy before it is needed.
Coastal tides are a source of clean, free, renewable and sustainable energy. 3.
The hydrogen artificial photosynthesis obtained by artificial photosynthesis is a field of study that attempts to replicate the natural processes of photosynthesis and convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen.
Sometimes, the use of sunlight energy to dissolve water into hydrogen and oxygen is also known as artificial photosynthesis.
The actual process that allows half of the overall photosynthesis to occur is light-oxidation. This half-
In the process of separating water molecules, the reaction is essential because it releases hydrogen and oxygen ions.
These ions are needed to restore carbon dioxide to fuel.
However, the only known method is through an external catalyst, which can react quickly and continuously absorb photons from the sun.
The general basis behind this theory is to create a "artificial plant" type of fuel source.
Artificial photosynthesis is a renewable carbon.
A neutral fuel source that produces hydrogen or carbohydrates.
This makes it different from other popular renewable sources.
Hydropower, solar photovoltaic, geothermal and wind energy-
No fuel intermediate, direct power generation.
Therefore, artificial photosynthesis may become a very important source for transporting fuel.
Unlike biomass energy, it does not require arable land and therefore does not need to compete with food supplies.
Because light-
The independent stage of photosynthesis fixes carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and artificial photosynthesis may provide an economic mechanism for carbon fixation, reducing the CO2 pool in the atmosphere, thus reducing its impact on global warming.
Specifically, when artificial photosynthesis is used to produce carbon, the carbon dioxide will decrease net.
Unlimited storage of fuel. 3.
Waves are a new energy source.
Energy from stars an original system to get energy can be tomorrow "capture the energy concentrated near the source and forward it directly to the Earth in the form of concentration ".
Some space projects should be started to capture a lot of energy somewhere near the source (near the Sun)
, Which can then be sent to the energy of the Earth in a concentrated form (
Laser, pulse, laser, etc).
The great energy from the sun is spreading in all directions of the universe and diluting with distance.
On Earth, the energy from the sun has not reached a small part. We try here (on the Earth)
Capture a drop from a very small amount of energy from the sun.
We also complain about low production and high technical costs.
This is exactly what we should do.
The third ring is surrounded by Mercury and Venus, with little contact with the Earth.
The fourth Halo (
The Pale Ones are visible to the naked eye)reach Jupiter.
Mercury is hot and Saturn is cold.
A device that must capture solar energy can be installed on Mercury.
From Mercury, the concentrated energy will be transmitted directly on the moon.
On the moon, the energy will be preservedhazardous (
Low concentration), using multi-
Microwave channel.
Warning: the laser beam from the sun to this month must not reach our planet for a second!
Discussing energy development is an effort to provide adequate primary and secondary energy forms for supply, cost, impact on air pollution and water pollution, mitigation of climate change with renewable energy sources.
Technology-advanced societies are increasingly dependent on external energy sources for transportation, the production of many manufactured goods and the provision of energy services.
This energy allows those who can afford to live in other adverse climatic conditions by using heating, ventilation and/or air conditioning.
Different societies use different levels of external energy, as well as climate, convenience, traffic congestion, pollution and domestic energy supply.
In addition to nuclear energy, geothermal energy and tides, all land energy comes from the current solar sun, or fossil remains of plants and animals that depend directly and indirectly on the sun, respectively.
In the end, solar energy itself is the result of solar fusion.
Geothermal energy comes from hard hot rock above the core magma and is the result of radioactive material decay under the crust. Nuclear fission depends on human-
Formed by fission of heavy radioactive elements in the crust;
In both cases, these elements were created in the supernova explosion before the formation of the solar system.
Renewable energy refers to renewable energy from natural resources such as sunshine, wind, rain, tide and geothermal (
Natural supplement).
In 2008, about 19% of the world's final energy consumption came from renewable energy and 13% from traditional biomass energy mainly used for heating. 3.
2% from hydropower. New renewable (
Small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal and biofuels)
Accounted for 2 more.
7% and growing very fast.
The share of renewable energy in power generation is about 18%, 15% of the world's electricity comes from hydropower and 3% from new renewable energy sources.
Wind power is growing at a rate of 30% per year, with a global installed capacity of 158 (GW)
In 2009, it was widely used in Europe, Asia and the United States.
Global PV accumulation at the end of 2009 (PV)
With more than 21 GW installed in Germany and Spain, photovoltaic power stations are popular.
Solar thermal power stations operate in the United States and Spain, with the largest being 354 MW (MW)
SEGS power plant in the mohaave desert.
The largest geothermal power generation facility in the world is the California geyser with a capacity rating of 750 MW.
Brazil has one of the world's largest renewable energy projects, including the production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, which now provides 18% of the country's auto fuel.
Ethanol fuel is also common in the United States, which is the world's absolute largest fuel producer, but does not account for a high proportion of total vehicle fuel usage.
Despite the large scale of many renewable energy projects,
In rural and remote areas, energy is often critical to human development.
It is estimated that 3 million households worldwide receive electricity from small solar photovoltaic systems. Micro-
Water and electricity systems configured into villagesScale or Countyscale mini-
Grid serves many areas.
More than 30 million rural households receive lighting and cooking from household biogasBiogas digesters of scale.
Biomass stoves are used by 0. 16 billion households.
Concerns about climate change, coupled with higher oil prices, peak oil and increased government support, have driven an increase in renewable energy legislation, incentives and commercialism.
Conclusion after 1950, nuclear fission plants began to appear.
Fission energy is necessary evil.
In this model, it extends the life of oil and avoids the energy crisis.
Even so, the energy gained from oil accounts for 66% of all energy used.
At this rate of oil use, it will be consumed in about 40 years.
Today, the production of energy from nuclear fusion is not fully ready.
But time passed quickly.
We must implement the additional energy we already have, but find new energy sources.
In this case, the paper proposes possible new energy sources.
One of the sources may be "energy from stars ".
A device that must capture solar energy can be installed on Mercury.
From Mercury, the concentrated energy will be transmitted directly on the moon.
On the moon, the energy will be preservedhazardous (
Low concentration), using multi-
Microwave channel.
Warning: the laser beam from the sun to this month must not reach our planet for a second!
Reference to phosphate, a new theory of life-First Energy, published by Corey za, Sunday, June 13, 2010, see: animal cells by KelvinsongOwn work.
Licensed under CC0 via Wikimedia Commons-
See:/media/File: Animal_Cell.
Svg "Mitochondrion mini.
Kelvinsong's own work, svgCC0]
Sharing space through Wikimedia
See: PETRESCU, F. I. , PETRESCU, R. V. , (2010)
Today and tomorrow's energy at the 10 th Meeting of November 20, 2010
Jiu, book of the University of Constantine brownco_ I, Engineering Series, Volume 14, n. 3, 2010, p. 112-123, ISSN 1842-4856.
See: PETRESCU, F. I. , PETRESCU, R. V. , (2011a)
The war on energy, at conference 11 of November 20, 2011
Jiu, in The Chronicles of the University of Constantine brownbank, Engineering Series, Issue 3/2011176-186, ISSN 1842-4856, 2011.
See: petrescu f. I. , (2011b)Our Energy!
Paperback-November 12, 2011, page 132, Publisher: create Independent Publishing Platform, English version, ISBN-13: 978-1467937535;
See: petrescu f. I. , PETRESCU R. V. , (2012)
Green energy, paperback-November 5, 2012, book on demand, page 118, ISBN-13: 978-3848223633;
See: EWEA executive summary "EU wind energy analysis-25" (PDF).
European Wind Energy Association.
See: "achieving sustainable production and use of resources: Assessing Biofuels ".
United Nations Environment Programme. 2009-10-16. Retrieved 2009-10-24. See: .
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